anapati is the first revered deity of Hindus along with being the adorable deity. Any kind of religious celebration, yagna, pujan, satkarma or even matrimonial programs are a hindrance for the wish of all to complete uninterruptedly and in a way symbolizes auspiciousness. Such events begin with Ganpati Pujan.
According to Shiva Purana, Ganesh was born on the Chaturthi of Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month, who was given the boon of worshiping mother Parvati and father Shiva for the first time in the world due to the orbiting of their parents. Since then, the worship and worship of Ganesha in some form or the other is prevalent in India, which continues unabated.
No one knows the exact date of Ganeshotsav turning into public worship, but the evidence in history is only inferred that the beginning of ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ between 1630 and 1680, the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire. Was done in
In Shivaji Maharaj’s childhood, his mother Jijabai i.e. Rajmata Jijau established Ganapati at the village of Gramdevata in Pune. This tradition has been going on since then. Then every year it was a custom to worship as the patriarch of the empire as a public ceremony. Since then, there is evidence to celebrate this festival in some form or the other.
It is said that after the end of Peshwas, this festival was limited to a family festival. For reasons to be celebrated again in public, a little history will have to be looked into first. In fact, Peshwa, which is a Persian word, was the most special in the king’s advisory council i.e. Ashta Pradhan, which is why it came after the king. It was a synonym for Prime Minister or Wazir in Shivaji’s Ashta Prime Minister.
The credit for the actual establishment of the Peshwai power and for making the post of Peshwa dynasty traditional is attributed to Balaji Vishwanath, the seventh Peshwa from the historical order, who had the vision to form a federation of Marathas. This Maratha federation was struggling with the differences arising after the death of Peshwa minister Nana Fadnavis in 1800 AD and the British status was increasing there.
In the struggle between the kings of Maratha region, Bajirao II was defeated by Yashwantrao Holkar at Hadapsar near Poona. Peshwa Bajirao fled to Basai and sought refuge from the British. In return, the British made Bajirao treaty of abusive terms. Which is called Basai Treaty which took place on 31 December 1802. Accordingly, the Peshwa had to agree to keep a contingent of the British Army with him and hand over his territory to the East India Company for an annual income of Rs 26 lakh for the expenditure. One of the conditions of the treaty was that the Peshwa would act as per the orders of the East India Company in matters of their relations and dealings with other states.
Maratha independence thus became a puppet at the hands of British power as a result of this treaty. It is said that since then Ganesh festival was limited as a family festival. But in the era of subordination, the British did not need to say what kind of oppression, because every Indian is aware of it. Then political programs were prohibited and crowds of people were directly arrested. Opposing the law or arguing over judicial reform was a long way off. Rather, they used to be in the category of treason till the protest for their right.
At the same time, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was not only fighting for ‘Swaraj’, but was also taking the initiative to reach Swaraj’s Alakh Ghar-Ghar and Jan-Jan. He thought in his mind that why not celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi by giving the appearance of a big event, so that the conflict between Brahmins and non-Brahmins can be ended and unity among all people is reached and the message of Swaraj is also reached.
With this thinking, the first public Ganesh festival started in 1893 by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and called to celebrate the public festival. The same thing happened to Tilak who wanted big names like Lokmanya Tilak, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Veer Savarkar, Vipinchandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, Chapekar Bandhu, Barrister Jayakar, throughout the ten days of the festival. People like Rengler Raghunath Purushottam Paranjpe, Moolicchandra Sharma, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Barrister Chakraborty and Sarojini Naidu would reach out to give speeches and give a message of freedom. People also started getting very motivated, but the British could not do anything as they wanted, because the Ganesh festival was a religious event in which they could not arrest the crowd involved.
Thus Ganeshotsav started celebrating through community participation instead of family celebration. People started mixing with each other everywhere and on the same pretext. Society and communities also got together and people used to meet again and again to give shape of new grandeur. In this way, this festival became a community festival in which intellectual thoughts, debates, speeches, poetry, dance, devotional songs, drama, concerts, folk dances along with expelling the British would also think. On seeing this, this festival became a movement, in which solidarity increased with solidarity among the people, which eventually became Brahmastra to achieve Swaraj.
With increasing crowds in the event year after year, the difficulties of the British also started increasing. The British trouble is also mentioned in the Rowlatt Act, which said that during Ganeshotsav, groups of youths roam the streets singing anti-British government songs in which school children distribute pamphlets and take up arms and rebellion like Shivaji from Marathas. Called upon to do.
This religious struggle is necessary for the overthrow of British power. In this way, the leader of freedom struggle also became Vighnaharta Ganesh.
Ganesha worship starts on Bhadrapada Shuddh Chaturthi and ends on Anant Chaturdashi. On the 11th day Ganesh Visarjan is performed with dancing and singing on the road through a procession in which people pray to God to come again next year. In this way, the festival of the movement that started in Maharashtra became the hallmark of the unwavering faith of the entire country and is celebrated in many places abroad. The nature of the festival changed with time, but for the unity of a diverse India, Ganapati is still eternal and this is true.